Even a month after the Centre slashed GST rates on 212 products, the whole advantage is yet to reach customer. Legal metrology sleuths have booked over 15,000 cases of MRP violations across India, with restaurants figuring among the top violators. The quick moving consumer goods (FMCG) sector, specially bottled mineral water and oxygenated drinks, is found to be most accessible to illegal trade practices.
“Cases of MRP violations and anti-profiteering are being registered across the country and we are arranging a report based on inputs from personal states. It’ll be submitted to the Parliament on December 15,” said B N Dixit, director of the department of customer affairs, Government of India.
Dixit said a few sectors were compliant with the antiprofiteering clause of the GST law and were instantly passing the advantages of lower prices to customers. Many sectors were still selling goods at older prices, he added.
The GST Council had on November 15 decreased tax rates and moved 177 products from the top most slabs (28%) to 18% and lower brackets. The Centre had also set up an anti-profiteering authority to monitor consent. The traders were told to decrease MRP in accordance with the lowered GST in consultation with manufacturers and glue stickers of the new MRP on packages.
“If traders glue the new MRP, then it must not mask the older one, as the customer should know the difference between the old and new price. But many traders are found to be selling at old MRPs. There have been details where sellers are gathering higher prices than the old MRP in the guise of GST,” said M Mamatha, assistant controller of Karnataka Legal Metrology.
Mamatha, who heads a flying band, said the department of legal metrology carried out 1,557 inspections for four days after November 24 across Karnataka and 183 cases of crooked were booked. “A few sectors, concluding ceramic ware, are following the MRP rules, while many commodities, especially from the FMCG and stationery sectors, are being sold at higher prices,” she said.
Traders, however, are agitated over frequently changing GST rules, making consent practically impossible.
“On July 1 when GST was rolled out, they asked us to glue new MRP stickers on every package. While the manufacturers were supplying stickers to dealers, new rates were announced in November. How can you expect traders to dance to the changing tunes?” asked B Suresh, president of Kolar district Federation of Karnataka State Chambers of Commerce and Industries.
“The burden is that traders have already paid 28% GST and they should gather 18% tax from customers. There’s no clarity on how they will get back 10% of the excess tax they have paid. Unless the government sets up an effective mechanism for refund, the new rules will be seen draconian,” said B T Manohar, chairman of states taxation committee of FKCCI and member of Karnataka state GST advisory committee.
“It’s been a month since the Central government slashed GST rates on 212 products of mass utilization, but businesses are yet to fall in line. Many are managing the lion’s share of GST gains to themselves, leaving the common man to feel the pinch of the new tax rules. The government may have put in place guidelines and set up an antiprofiteering authority to monitor consent, but on the ground, concerted efforts are required to check malpractices related to pricing. Else, Goods and Services Tax, considered to be a transformative step aimed to benefit the whole economy, will assist only a few sections.”